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LAW: S. 659 Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005

 
Dynamo
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04/04/2010 01:04 AM
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LAW: S. 659 Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005
Taking a look at stuff this looked kinda interesting:
[link to www.theorator.com]

I'm actually kinda surprised this bill exists since there have been no 'known' attempts at this during the time frame this was introduced.
To amend title 18, United States Code, to prohibit human chimeras.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the `Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005'.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

Congress finds that--

(1) advances in research and technology have made possible the creation of chimeras, which are beings with diverse human and non-human tissue;

(2) serious ethical objections are raised to some types of chimeras because they blur the lines between human and animal, male and female, parent and child, and one individual and another individual;

(3) respect for human dignity and the integrity of the human species may be threatened by chimeras;

(4) the uniqueness of individual human beings is manifested in a particular way through their brain and their reproductive organs/cells; and

(5) with an increase in emerging zoonotic infection threatening the public health, both domestically and abroad, chimeras present a particularly optimal means of genetic transfers that could increase the efficiency or virulence of diseases threatening both humans and animals.

SEC. 3. PROHIBITION ON HUMAN CHIMERAS.

(a) In General- Part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 15 the following:

`CHAPTER 16--HUMAN CHIMERAS

`Sec.

`301. Definitions.

`302. Prohibition on human chimeras.

`Sec. 301. Definitions

`In this chapter the following definitions apply:

`(1) HUMAN CHIMERA- The term `human chimera' means--

`(A) a human embryo into which a non-human cell, or any component part of a non-human cell, has been introduced;

`(B) a human embryo that consists of cells derived from more than 1 human embryo, fetus, or born individual;

`(C) a human egg that has been fertilized by a non-human sperm;

`(D) a non-human egg that has been fertilized by a human sperm;

`(E) a human egg into which a non-human nucleus has been introduced;

`(F) a non-human egg into which a human nucleus has been introduced;

`(G) a human egg or a non-human egg that otherwise contains haploid sets of chromosomes from both a human and a non-human life form;

`(H) a non-human life form engineered such that human gametes develop within the body of a non-human life form; or

`(I) a non-human life form engineered such that it contains a human brain or a brain derived wholly or predominantly from human neural tissues.

`(2) HUMAN EMBRYO- The term `human embryo' means an organism of the species Homo sapiens during the earliest stages of development, from 1 cell up to 8 weeks.

`Sec. 302. Prohibition on human chimeras

`(a) In General- It shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly, in or otherwise affecting interstate commerce--

`(1) create or attempt to create a human chimera;

`(2) transfer or attempt to transfer a human embryo into a non-human womb;

`(3) transfer or attempt to transfer a non-human embryo into a human womb; or

`(4) transport or receive for any purpose a human chimera.

`(b) Penalties-

`(1) IN GENERAL- Whoever violates subsection (a) shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

`(2) CIVIL PENALTY- Whoever violates subsection (a) and derives pecuniary gain from such violation shall be subject to a civil fine of the greater of $1,000,000 and an amount equal to the amount of the gross gain multiplied by 2.'.

SEC. 4. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.

The table of chapters for part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 15 the following:

301'.

END
 Quoting: theorator.com


Last Edited by Dynamo on 04/04/2010 01:04 AM
Dynamo  (OP)

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04/04/2010 01:19 AM
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Re: LAW: S. 659 Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005
bump
emerald_glow

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04/04/2010 01:24 AM
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Re: LAW: S. 659 Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005
Hmmmm...good find, OP.
What is the date of this amendment? hf
Emerald_Glow
Dynamo  (OP)

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04/04/2010 04:06 AM
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Re: LAW: S. 659 Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005
Hmmmm...good find, OP.
What is the date of this amendment? hf
 Quoting: emerald_glow

March 17, 2005 as it says in the title. :P
Anonymous Coward
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04/04/2010 04:15 AM
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Re: LAW: S. 659 Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005
[link to olpa.od.nih.gov]
S. 659—The Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005

On March 17, 2005, Senator Sam Brownback (R-KS), introduced S. 659, the Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005. The bill would prohibit any person from creating, or attempting to create a human chimera. A “human chimera” is broadly defined to include various methods of mixing non-human cells into human embryos. The bill includes both civil and criminal penalties. S. 659 has no cosponsors and was referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee.
pauldamo
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04/04/2010 04:17 AM
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Re: LAW: S. 659 Human Chimera Prohibition Act of 2005
i wonder what this means for the natural born chimeras,yes there are people about that if you take dna from a scrapping inside their mouth it can be different from a sample from another part of their body.you can have another person completely merged into one body [link to www.scq.ubc.ca]





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